Documentation

Method Abstract 264

MA 264 / ANALYSIS OF POLYETHER ANTIBIOTICS IN ANIMAL FEEDS BY HPLC WITH POST-COLUMN DERIVATIZATION

Polyether Antibiotics are commonly used for preventing coccidiosis and other infections in poultry and for improving feed efficiency for beef cattle and swine. The use of Polyether Antibiotics is strictly regulated, with only specific ionophores approved for use in feeds intended for different animals.

Analysis of Polyether Antibiotics by HPLC with post-column derivatization and UV/Vis detection has been proven to successfully identify and quantify Monensin, Narasin and Salinomycin in medicated feeds, supplements and premixes as well as to determine trace contamination levels in non-medicated feeds [1, 2].

Post-column derivatization of Polyether Antibiotics is done using highly acidic Vanillin or DMAB reagents. The Pinnacle PCX derivatization system (Pickering Laboratories, Inc.) has an inert flow path and automated system wash capabilities that make it uniquely suitable for handling corrosive reagents. The two-pump system is recommended to extend reagent stability, but the singlepump system for this application is also available.

Adding a Fluorescence detector to the instrumentation allows for using the same extraction procedure and HPLC conditions to also determine Lasalocid, which doesn’t require post-column derivatization.
 

METHOD

Sample Preparation

To 25 g of finely ground feed sample, add 100 mL of extraction solution (90% Methanol – 10% water). Shake for 1 hour at high speed using mechanical shaker. Let the solids settle and filter an aliquot of the extract for injection. Dilute with extraction solution if needed to fit the calibration curve. Use 2.5 g portion when testing premixes.

Analytical Conditions

Analytical Column: Polyether Column, C18, 4.6 x 250 mm, Catalog No 2381750
Temperature: 40 ºC
Flow Rate: 0.7 mL/min
Mobile Phase: 90% Methanol, 10% of 5% Acetic Acid solution in water, isocratic
Injection Volume: 20 μL

Post-column Conditions

Post-column System: Pinnacle PCX
Reactor Volume: 1.4 mL
Reactor Temperature: 90 °C
Cooling Coil: 0.15 mL (at room temperature)
Reagent 1: Concentrated Sulfuric acid / Methanol (4:96 v/v)
Reagent 2: 60 g of Vanillin in 950 mL of Methanol
Reagents Flow Rate: 0.3 mL/min
Detection: UV/VIS 570 nm (for Lasalocid – FLD, Ex. 322 nm, Em. 370 nm)

Calibration

Post-column System: Pinnacle PCX
Monensin A: 0.1 ppm – 50 ppm, R2 = 0.999
Monensin B: 0.0035 ppm – 0.7 ppm, R2 = 0.999
Lasalocid Acid: 0.25 ppm – 50 ppm, R2 = 0.999
 
Repeatability studies for different concentration levels.

TABLE 1. POLYETHER ANTIBIOTICS IN CERTIFIED MEDICATED FEEDS

ANTIBIOTIC

FEED TYPE

CERTIFIED AMOUNT

FOUND IN SAMPLE RECOVERIES RSD, N=4

Monensin

Beef feed

267 g/ton

275 g/ton 103% 0.7%

Lasalocid

Milk Replacer

72 g/ton

69 g/ton 96% 3.3%

 
TABLE 2. SPIKE RECOVERIES FOR MONENSIN

 

NON-MEDICATED BIRD FEED

NON-MEDICATED RABBIT FEED

Antibiotic

Monensin A

Monensin B

Monensin A Monensin B

Spike Level

172 g/ton 8 g/ton 86 g/ton 4 g/ton
Recoveries 100% 100% 101% 102%
RSD, N=3 1.9% 2.1% 1.1% 0.6%
Spike Level 3.44 g/ton 0.16 g/ton 3.44 g/ton 0.16 g/ton
Recoveries 96% 95% 94% 88%
RSD, N=3 0.7% 3.1% 0.9% 1.6%


MA 264
 

MA 264


MA 327


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Conclusion

Analysis of Polyether Antibiotics by HPLC with Post-column derivatization is a robust and sensitive method that utilizes standard equipment and could easily be adopted by testing laboratories. It allows for testing of different ionophores at wide range of concentrations, including at trace levels. Using Pinnacle PCX post-column derivatization system, factory configured for the analysis, guarantees stable and reproducible results.

 

REFERENCES:
1) Campbell, H., Nayeri, G. (2006) J. AOAC Int. 89, 1229-1242, Determination of Monensin, Narasin, and Salinomycin in Mineral Premixes, Supplements, and Animal Feeds by Liquid Chromatography and Post-Column Derivatization: Collaborative Study
2) AOAC Official Method 997.04. Monensin in Premix and Animal Feeds